Ndeipi muhoro wepasi muAmerica? (2024 ruzivo rwakagadziridzwa)

Isu tinovhara nyaya yemuhoro wepasi muAmerican uye tinopa ruzivo nezve mudiki muhoro wakaiswa muUnited States. Ndeipi muhoro wepasi muUSA? Ndeipi mubairo wepasi mumatunhu eAmerica? Heino iyo yeUnited States yakaderera muhoro wongororo ine zvese zvese.



Tisati tapinda munyaya yekuti muhoro wepasi muAmerica ndeupi, ngatitarisei izvi. Iwe unogona kufungidzira kuti kana inflation munyika yakakwira uye mari yenyika ichirasikirwa nehukoshi, mari shoma inotambirwa munyika iyoyo inochinja kakawanda. Zvisinei, munyika dzine hupfumi hwakasimba uye mari inokosha, mari shoma haishanduki kakawanda.

Tinoona kuti munyika dzakaita seUSA, muhoro wepasi haushanduke kazhinji. Isu tave kupa rumwe ruzivo rwakadzama nezve muhoro wepasi wakaiswa muUnited States (USA) kana (USA).

Ndeipi muhoro wepasi muAmerica?

MuUnited States, muhoro wepasi wazvino i$7,25 (USD) paawa. Uyu mubairo wakaderera paawa wakatemerwa muna 2019 uye uchiri kushanda kubva nhasi, kureva, kubva munaKurume 2024. MuAmerica, vashandi vanotambira mari shoma ye$7,25 paawa.

Semuenzaniso, mushandi anoshanda maawa masere pazuva achawana muhoro we$8 pazuva. Mushandi anoshanda mazuva makumi maviri pamwedzi achawana muhoro we58 USD mumwedzi.

Kuti tidzokorore muchidimbu, iyo yemubatanidzwa muhoro wepasi i $7,25 paawa. Zvakadaro, dzimwe nyika dzinotevedzera mitemo yadzo yemuhoro wepasi, uye mune dzimwe nyika mubairo wepasi unosiyana nemuhoro wepasirese. Muhoro wepasi pasi nehurumende muAmerica wakanyorwa mune chasara chinyorwa.

Nyika zhinji dzinewo mitemo mishoma yemuhoro. Kana mushandi ari pasi pemitemo yese yenyika uye yemubatanidzwa, mushandi anekodzero yekukwidzwa kweiyo mihoro miviri midiki.

Federal mishoma mibairo mibairo inowanikwa muFair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Iyo FLSA haipe muripo kana nzira dzekuunganidza pamubhadharo wenguva dzose kana wakavimbiswa wemushandi kana makomisheni kupfuura izvo zvinoda FLSA. Nekudaro, dzimwe nyika dzine mitemo pasi payo izvo zvichemo (dzimwe nguva zvinosanganisira fringe mabhenefiti) zvinogona kuitwa.

Dhipatimendi reDhipatimendi reVashandi Muhoro neHora rinotungamira nekutevedzera mutemo wemuhoro wepasirese wemubatanidzwa.

Federal mishoma mibairo mibairo inowanikwa muFair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Mari yemubatanidzwa muhoro iUS $24 paawa kubva munaChikunguru 2009, 7,25. Nyika zhinji dzinewo mitemo mishoma yemuhoro. Mimwe mitemo yehurumende inopa kudzivirira kukuru kune vashandi; vashandirwi vanofanira kutevedzera zviri zviviri.

Iyo FLSA haipe mibairo yekuunganidza mihoro yemubhadharo wenguva dzose kana wakavimbiswa kana makomisheni kupfuura izvo FLSA inoda. Nekudaro, dzimwe nyika dzine mitemo pasi payo izvo zvichemo (dzimwe nguva zvinosanganisira fringe mabhenefiti) zvinogona kuitwa.

Chii chinonzi US federal minimuremu wage?

Pasi peFair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), mubairo wepasirese wemubatanidzwa wevashandi vasina kuregererwa i $24 paawa kubva munaJuly 2009, 7,25. Nyika zhinji dzinewo mitemo mishoma yemuhoro. Kana mushandi ari pasi pemitemo yese yenyika uye yemubatanidzwa yepasiremu muhoro wemitemo, mushandi ane kodzero yeiyo yepamusoro mihoro yemuhoro.

Kuregererwa kwemuhoro wepasi kwakasiyana-siyana kunoshanda mune mamwe mamiriro ezvinhu kune vashandi vakaremara, vadzidzi venguva yakazara, vechidiki vari pasi pemakore makumi maviri pamazuva avo ekutanga makumi mapfumbamwe akatevedzana ekarenda ebasa, vashandi vanopihwa, uye vadzidzi vevadzidzi.

Ndeupi muhoro wakaderera wevashandi vanopihwa muAmerica?

Mushandirwi anogona kubhadhara mushandi anopihwa mari isingasviki $2,13 paawa pamubhadharo wakananga kana mari iyoyo pamwe nematipi anogamuchirwa akaenzana nemubatanidzwa wepasi muhoro, mushandi anochengeta matipi ese, uye mushandi netsika uye nguva dzose anogashira inodarika madhora makumi matatu mumazano. pamwedzi. . Kana mazano evashandi asina kuenzana ne federal miniminimu yeawa mubhadharo kana akabatanidzwa nemubhadharo wakananga wevashandirwi we $ 30 paawa, mushandirwi anofanira kuita mutsauko.

Dzimwe nyika dzine mitemo yakananga yemuhoro yevashandi vanopihwa. Kana mushandi ari pasi pemitemo yese yemubatanidzwa neyenyika yemuhoro, mushandi ane kodzero yezvipo zvinobatsira zvemutemo wega wega.

Vashandi vechidiki vanofanira kubhadharwa mari shoma here?

Muhoro wepasi pasi we$90 paawa unoshanda kuvashandi vechidiki vari pasi pemakore makumi maviri pamazuva makumi mapfumbamwe ekare akatevedzana avanoshandira mushandirwi, kunze kwekunge basa ravo richidzinga vamwe vashandi. Mushure memazuva makumi mapfumbamwe akatevedzana ebasa kana mushure mekunge mushandi asvika makore makumi maviri, chero anouya pekutanga, anofanirwa kuwana muhoro wepasi we $ 20 paawa, kubva muna Chikunguru 4,25, 90.

Zvimwe zvirongwa zvinobvumira kubhadharwa kwepasi pemuhoro wepasirese wemubatanidzwa unoshanda kune vakaremara, vadzidzi venguva yakazara, uye vadzidzi-vadzidzi vakasevenzeswa kudzikisa mihoro yezvitupa. Aya mapurogiramu haangogumiri pakutsvaga kwevashandi vechidiki.

Ndeapi mashoma ekuregererwa kwemuhoro anoshanda muAmerica kune vadzidzi venguva yakazara?

Chirongwa cheMudzidzi Wenguva Yakazara ndechevadzidzi venguva yakazara vanoshanda muzvitoro zvekutengesa kana zvebasa, zvekurima, kana kumakoreji nemayunivhesiti. Mushandirwi anoshandisa vadzidzi anogona kuwana chitupa kubva kubazi rezvevashandi chinotendera kuti mudzidzi apihwe mari isiri pasi pe85% yemuhoro wepasi. 

Chitupa ichi chinomisawo maawa anogona kushanda nemudzidzi kusvika maawa masere pazuva, anokwana maawa makumi maviri pasvondo kana chikoro chiri muchikamu, kana maawa makumi mana pasvondo kana chikoro chavharwa, uye chinoda kuti mushandirwi atevedzere mitemo yese yebasa revana. . Kana vadzidzi vakapedza chikoro kana kusiya chikoro zvachose, vanofanirwa kubhadharwa madhora mazana manomwe neshanu paawa, kutanga Chikunguru 8, 20.

Kangani iyo federal mishoma muhoro inowedzera muAmerica?

Muhoro wepasi hauwedzeri woga. Kuti vawedzere muhoro wepasi, Kongiresi inofanirwa kupasa bhiri iro Mutungamiriri achasaina.

Ndiani anovimbisa kuti vashandi vanobhadharwa mihoro yepasi muUSA?

Bazi reUS Department of Labor's Wage and Hour Division ndiro rine basa rekusimbisa muhoro wepasi. Chikamu cheWage neHour chinoshanda kuona kuti vashandi vabhadharwa mari shoma, vachishandisa zvese zvekumanikidza uye kuedza kudzidzisa veruzhinji.

Mubairo wepasi unoshanda kunaani muAmerica?

Murairo wakaderera wemuhoro (FLSA) unoshanda kune vashandi vemabhizinesi vane gross kutengesa pagore kana kudzoka kweinenge $500.000. Izvi zvinoshandawo kune vashandi vemafemu madiki kana vashandi vari kuita zvekutengeserana pakati penyika kana kugadzirwa kwezvinhu nechinangwa chekutengesa, sevashandi vanoshanda muindasitiri yekufambisa kana yekutaurirana kana kugara vachishandisa tsamba kana runhare kutaurirana. 

Vamwe vanhu, vakadai sevarindi, majanitori, uye vashandi vekuchengetedza, vanoita mabasa ane hukama uye anodiwa zvakananga neakadaro mabasa epakati anofukidzwawo neFLSA. Izvi zvinoshandawo kune vashandi vemubatanidzwa, nyika, kana masangano ehurumende, zvipatara, uye zvikoro, uye kazhinji zvinoshanda kuvashandi vemumba.

Iyo FLSA ine akati wandei ekuregererwa kumubhadharo wepasi-pasi unogona kushanda kune vamwe vashandi.

Ko kana mutemo wenyika uchida muhoro wepamusoro wepasi pane mutemo wemubatanidzwa?

Mumamiriro ezvinhu apo mutemo wenyika unoda muhoro wepamusoro wepasi, iyi mwero wepamusoro unoshanda.

Maawa mangani pavhiki anoshanda muAmerica?

MuUnited States, vhiki yekushanda imaawa makumi mana. Vashandirwi vanofanira kubhadhara mihoro yenguva yakawedzerwa kuvashandi nokuda kwebasa rinopfuura maawa makumi mana.

Vanopfuura 143 miriyoni vashandi vekuAmerica vanodzivirirwa kana kufukidzwa neFLSA, inosimbiswa neU.S. Department of Labor's Wage and Hour Division.

Iyo Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) inogadza mibairo mishoma, mubhadharo wenguva yakawandisa, kuchengetedza marekodhi, uye zviyero zvebasa zvevechidiki zvinobata vashandi venguva yakazara uye venguva pfupi mubazi rakazvimirira uye Federal, State, uye hurumende dzenzvimbo. Iyo FLSA inoda kuti vashandi vese vakavharwa uye vasingabhadharwe vabhadharwe iyo Federal yediki muhoro. Muripo weovhataimu wenguva isingasviki imwe nehafu yemuhoro wenguva dzose unofanira kubhadharwa paawa yose inoshandiswa neanopfuura makore 40 ezera muvhiki yebasa.

Yakawanda sei muhoro wevechidiki muAmerica?

Mubairo wechidiki wevechidiki unotenderwa neFLSA Chikamu 1996 (g), sezvakagadziridzwa ne6 FLSA Amendments. Mutemo unoda kuti vashandirwi vapinze vashandi vari pasi pemakore makumi maviri okuberekwa kwenguva yakati rebei (mazuva ebasa) mushure mekunge vapinzwa basa. kwete, 90 mazuva ekarenda) inobvumira mitengo yakaderera. Munguva iyi yemazuva makumi mapfumbamwe, vashandi vanokodzera vanogona kubhadharwa chero muhoro unodarika $90 paawa.

Ndiani anogona kubhadhara muhoro wepasi kune vechidiki?

Vashandi vari pasi pemakore makumi maviri chete ndivo vanogona kubhadharwa muhoro wepasi pevechidiki, uye chete mukati memazuva makumi mapfumbamwe akatevedzana ekarenda mushure mekunge vatanga kubhadharwa nemushandirwi wavo.

Ndeipi yaive muhoro wepasi muAmerica mumakore apfuura?

Muna 1990, Kongiresi yakadzika mutemo unoda kudzikwa kwemirau inopa kuregererwa kwemaawa ekuwedzera kune dzimwe nyanzvi dzine hunyanzvi mundima yekombuta dzinotambira mari isingasviki matanhatu nehafu pane inotambirwa.

Kuchinja kwa1996 kwakawedzera muhoro wepasi kusvika ku $1 paawa musi waOctober 1996, 4,75, uye kusvika ku $1 paawa musi waSeptember 1997, 5,15. Shanduko idzi dzakaisawo muhoro wechidiki wevechidiki pamadhora mana nemazana maviri neshanu paawa kune vachangopinzwa basa vari pasi pemakore makumi maviri. Mazuva ekutanga ekarenda makumi mapfumbamwe mushure mekupihwa basa nemushandirwi wavo; inodzokorora zvisungo zvechikwereti kuti vabvumire vashandirwi kubhadhara vashandi vanokwanisa mari isingasviki $20 paawa kana vakagashira yasara yemuhoro wakaderera wemutemo mumazano; inoseta bvunzo dzemuhoro weawa dzevashandi vane hukama nemakomputa pamadhora makumi maviri nenomwe neawa.

Yakagadziridzwa iyo Portal to Portal Act kuti ibvumire vashandirwi nevashandi kuti vabvumirane pakushandiswa kwemotokari dzakapihwa nemushandirwi pakuenda nekudzoka kubasa pakutanga uye kupera kwezuva rebasa.

Kugadziridzwa kwa2007 kwakawedzera muhoro wepasi kusvika pamadhora mashanu nemazana masere neshanu paawa kutanga musi waChikunguru 24, 2007; $5,85 paawa kutanga July 24, 2008; uye $6,55 paawa, kutanga musi waChikunguru 24, 2009. Imwe gadziriro yakaparadzana yebhiri iri inotangisa kuwedzera zvishoma nezvishoma mumihoro yepasi muCommonwealth yeNorthern Mariana Islands neAmerican Samoa.

Iyo Federal yakaderera mubairo webasa rakaitwa pamberi paChikunguru 24, 2007 i $5,15 paawa.
Iyo Federal mishoma muhoro webasa rakaitwa kubva Chikunguru 24, 2007 kusvika Chikunguru 23, 2008 i $5,85 paawa.
Iyo Federal mishoma muhoro webasa rakaitwa kubva Chikunguru 24, 2008 kusvika Chikunguru 23, 2009 i $6,55 paawa.
Iyo Federal yakaderera mubairo webasa rakaitwa kana mushure meChikunguru 24, 2009 i $7,25 paawa.

Kazhinji, mabasa anoda mwero wepamusoro wedzidzo uye hunyanzvi anotambira mihoro yakawanda kupfuura mabasa anoda hunyanzvi uye dzidzo shoma. Nhamba kubva kuDhipatimendi reLabour's Bureau yeLabour Statistics (BLS) inosimbisa maonero aya, zvichiratidza kuti uwandu hwekushaya mabasa pakati pevanhu vane madhigirii emabasa emaoko hwakadzikira zvakanyanya pane pakati pevanhu vane diploma rechikoro chesekondari kana avo vasina kupedza chikoro chesekondari. Mukuwedzera, sezvo chikamu chedzidzo chemushandi chinowedzera, mari yake inowedzera zvakanyanya.

Ndeipi muhoro wepasi pasi nehurumende muAmerica?

Alabama mihoro yakaderera

Nyika haina mutemo wemuhoro wepasi.

Vashandirwi vari pasi peFair Labor Standards Act vanosungirwa kubhadhara yazvino Federal mihoro yemadhora manomwe neshanu paawa.

Alaska shoma muhoro

Basic Minimum Wage (paawa): $11,73

Kubhadhara kwePrimum Mushure meAwa Yakatarwa 1: Zuva nezuva - 8, Vhiki - makumi mana

Pasi pechirongwa chekuzvidira chemaawa ekushanda chakabvumidzwa neAlaska Dhipatimendi Revashandi, maawa gumi pazuva uye maawa makumi mana pasvondo nekubhadhara kwekutanga kunogona kutangwa mushure memaawa gumi pazuva.

Zuva nezuva kana vhiki nevhiki premium yekubhadhara nguva yakawedzerwa inodiwa haishande kune vashandirwi vane vashoma pane 4 vashandi.

Mubairo wakaderera unogadziridzwa gore rega rega zvichienderana neimwe fomula.

Arizona

Basic Minimum Wage (paawa): $14,35

California muhoro wakaderera

Basic Minimum Wage (paawa): $16,00

Basa rinoitwa anopfuura maawa masere pazuva rekushanda, anopfuura maawa makumi mana muvhiki yebasa, kana mukati maawa masere ekutanga ebasa pazuva rechinomwe rebasa muvhiki ipi neipi yebasa rinoverengwa pamwero wenguva imwe nehafu yemuhoro. . muripo wenguva dzose. Basa ripi neripi rinopfuura maawa gumi nemaviri muzuva ripi neripi kana maawa masere pazuva rechinomwe ripi neripi revhiki rebasa richabhadharwa risingasviki kaviri muyero wenguva dzose. California Labor Code chikamu 40. Zvisizvo zvinoshanda kumushandi ari kushanda achitevedza rimwe vhiki rebasa rinogamuchirwa pasi pezvikamu zvinoshanda zveLabour Code uye nenguva inopedzerwa kuenda kubasa. (Ona chinyorwa cheLabour Code chinyorwa 12 kune zvisiri izvo).

Muhoro wakaderera uchagadziriswa gore rega rega zvichienderana neimwe fomula.

Colorado shoma muhoro

Basic Minimum Wage (paawa): $14,42

Kubhadhara kwePrimum Mushure meAwa Yakatarwa 1: Zuva nezuva - 12, Vhiki - makumi mana

Florida muhoro wakaderera

Basic Minimum Wage (paawa): $12,00

Mubairo wakaderera unogadziridzwa gore rega rega zvichienderana neimwe fomula. Iyo Florida mubairo wepasi wakarongerwa kuwedzera nemadhora 30 wega waGunyana 2026 kusvika yasvika $15,00 munaGunyana 30, 1,00.

Hawaii muhoro wakaderera

Basic Minimum Wage (paawa): $14,00

Kubhadhara kwePrimum Mushure meAwa Yakatsanangurwa 1: Vhiki yega - 40

Mushandi anotambira muripo wakavimbiswa we$2.000 XNUMX kana kudarika pamwedzi haasunungurwi kubva kuHurumende yepasi uye mutemo wenguva yakawandisa.

Vashandi vebasa remudzimba vari pasi pemubhadharo wemushoma weHawaii uye zvinodiwa zvenguva yakawandisa. Bill 248, Regular Session 2013.

Mutemo wehurumende haubatanidzi chero basa rinoenderana neFederal Fair Labor Standards Act kunze kwekunge mubhadharo weHurumende wakakura kupfuura muyero wemubatanidzwa.

Kentucky mihoro yemuhoro

Basic Minimum Wage (paawa): $7,25

Kubhadhara kwePrimum Mushure meAwa Yakatsanangurwa 1: Vhiki yega - 40, 7th Day

Mutemo wezuva rechinomwe wemaawa ovhavhavha, uyo wakasiyana nemutemo wemihoro yepasi, unoda kuti vashandirwi vanobvumira vashandi vakavharwa kushanda mazuva manomwe muvhiki ipi neipi yebasa kuti vabhadhare mushandi hafu yemaawa anoshandiswa pazuva rechinomwe. vashandi vanoshanda mazuva manomwe pavhiki. Mutemo wezuva rechinomwe wenguva yakawedzerwa haushande kana mushandi asingabvumidzwe kushanda anopfuura maawa makumi mana muvhiki.

Kana muyero wemubatanidzwa uri pamusoro peyero yeHurumende, Hurumende inotora muhoro wepasirese wemubatanidzwa sereferensi.

Mississippi muhoro wakaderera

Nyika haina mutemo wemuhoro wepasi.

Vashandirwi vari pasi peFair Labor Standards Act vanosungirwa kubhadhara yazvino Federal mihoro yemadhora manomwe neshanu paawa.

Montana mihoro yemuhoro

Mabhizinesi ane gross yekutengesa pagore inodarika $110.000

Basic Minimum Wage (paawa): $10,30

Kubhadhara kwePrimum Mushure meAwa Yakatsanangurwa 1: Vhiki yega - 40

Mabhizinesi ane gross yekutengesa yegore negore ye $110.000 kana pasi iyo isina kuvharwa neFair Labor Standards Act.

Basic Minimum Wage (paawa): $4,00

Kubhadhara kwePrimum Mushure meAwa Yakatsanangurwa 1: Vhiki yega - 40

Bhizinesi risina kuvharwa neFederal Fair Labor Standards Act uye rine gore negore kutengesa kwe $ 110.000 kana pasi kunogona kubhadhara $ 4,00 paawa. Nekudaro, kana mushandi akagadzira kana kutakura zvinhu pakati penyika kana akavharirwa neFederal Fair Labor Standards Act, mushandi uyu anofanira kubhadharwa yemubatanidzwa muhoro wepasi kana Montana mihoro yepasi, chero iri pamusoro.

New York mihoro yakaderera

Base Minimum Wage (awa): $15,00; $16,00 (New York City, Nassau County, Suffolk County uye Westchester County)

Kubhadhara kwePrimum Mushure meAwa Yakatsanangurwa 1: Vhiki yega - 40

Mubairo wemuNew York wakaenzana nemuhoro wepasi pasi pemubatanidzwa.

Pasi pemitemo mitsva yepekugara, vashandi vanogara ("vanogara-muvashandi") vava nekodzero yekugamuchira nguva yakawedzerwa yemaawa akashanda anopfuura maawa makumi mana muvhiki yekubhadhara, panzvimbo pekare 44-awa inodiwa. Naizvozvo, maawa eovhavhavha evashandi vese vasina kuregererwa ava maawa anoshandiswa kupfuura maawa makumi mana muvhiki yekubhadhara.

Vashandirwi vanoshanda mafekitari, zvivako zvekutengesa, mahotera, maresitorendi, zvinotakura zvinhu/zvifambiso zvevatasvi kana mabhaisikopo; kana kuti muchivako umo varindiri, vachenesi, vatariri, mamaneja, mainjiniya kana vanodzima moto vanoshanda, maawa 24 anotevedzana okuzorora anofanira kupiwa vhiki imwe neimwe. Vashandi vemudzimba vane kodzero yemaawa makumi maviri nemana ekuzorora pasina kuvhiringwa pasvondo uye kugashira mubhadharo wepamusoro kana vakashanda panguva iyi.

Oklahoma muhoro wakaderera

Vashandirwi vane gumi kana kupfuura vashandi venguva yakazara pane chero nzvimbo, kana vashandirwi vane gross yekutengesa kwepagore inodarika $100.000, zvisinei nehuwandu hwevashandi venguva yakazara.

Basic Minimum Wage (paawa): $7,25

Vamwe vese vashandirwi

Basic Minimum Wage (paawa): $2,00

Oklahoma state yepasi muhoro mutemo haisanganisire ikozvino yakaderera madhora emari. Pane kudaro, iyo nyika inotora iyo yemubatanidzwa muhoro wepasi sereferensi.

Puerto Rico muhoro wakaderera

Inoshanda kune vese vashandi vanovharirwa neFederal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), kunze kwevashandi vekurima nevemanisiparati nevashandi veHurumende yePuerto Rico.

Basic Minimum Wage (paawa): $9,50

Mubairo wepasi uchakwira kusvika pamadhora gumi neshanu paawa musi waChikunguru 1, 2024, kunze kwekunge Federal Government yapa mutemo wekutonga kuchinja huwandu.

Washington minimum wage

Basic Minimum Wage (paawa): $16,28

Kubhadhara kwePrimum Mushure meAwa Yakatsanangurwa 1: Vhiki yega - 40

Kubhadhara kwebhonasi hakusi kuwanikwa kune vashandi vanokumbira kubhadharwa kwezororo panzvimbo yekubhadhara bhonasi.

Mubairo wakaderera unogadziridzwa gore rega rega zvichienderana neimwe fomula.

mabviro: https://www.dol.gov



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